Why trees are important?
Trees are terms as an important and vital gift from our mother nature. As the plants give us oxygen, store carbon, stabilize the soil, Prevent Soil Erosion, Produce food and give life to the world’s wildlife. They also provide us with the materials for tools, shelter and fuel.
The forest of trees acts as a physical filter, trapping dust and absorbing pollutants from the air. Each individual tree helps the environment remove up to 1.7 kilos of pollutions every year. They also provide shade from the sun and also protect us from harmful solar radiation. Moreover, the tree can help us in reducing noise and noise pollutions.
More than 200 species of Indian trees and shrubs are known to have medicinal properties.
Benefit the environment
They consume carbon dioxide as they grow big and the carbon that they store in their wood helps slow the rate of global warming and uneven temperature raise.
They minimize wind speeds and cool the air as they emit moisture and reflect heat upwards from their leaves. It’s estimated that trees can reduce the temperature in a city by up to 7°C( If there is more tree than homes).
Trees also help prevent flooding and soil erosion, absorbing thousands of liters of stormwater quickly. Trees are also responsible for the rain and weather manipulations.
They host complex microhabitats. When young, they offer habitation and food to amazing communities of birds, insects, lichen, and fungi. When ancient, their trunks also provide the hollow cover needed by species such as bats, wood boring beetles, tawny owls, and woodpeckers.
One mature oak can be home to as many as 500 different species. Richmond Park is full of such trees, which is one of the reasons it has been designated a National Nature Reserve and Site of Special Scientific Interest.